Composting for Beginners

When you know how to compost, its life-changing.

It is such a simple and game-changing way to be kind to the planet. You'll be confused as to why everyone isn't doing it.


But why is it so worthwhile, you may be wondering?

Currently, 40% of the average Australian's general waste bin is comprised of food waste.


And what goes in the general waste bin, goes into landfill.

And when you give food scraps to landfill they aren’t able to break down properly.

leading them to rot and release tonnes of methane.


Methane is a greenhouse gas that is 28x more potent than carbon dioxide.


Around 3% of Australia’s total greenhouse emissions are caused by rotting food waste.


Which is the same amount as our aviation industry! Crazy!


So if you compost, you not only reduce greenhouse emissions, which slow down global warming but you also create an amazing bi-product which feed your garden and will help you grow super nutrient rich plants! How great is that!?


Which is why it is my dream to have everyone composting.

So now that you're reading this post and learning for yourself you're now obliged to teach someone else! Only kidding, but I'd love ya if you did!



Here is what you'll need to get together

If you can, try to opt for second-hand, up-cycled or recycled materials where possible to avoid creating more waste!


An aerated container around 1m high: it can be made from wood, recycled plastic or even old tyres.

If you're looking for one have a look on gumtree or your local community pages for a second-hand one.


Lid for said container: This can be a carpet cut-off, tarp or lid (most compost bins like the one in the picture below come with lids anyway)


4x Bricks or large rocks: These will sit at the bottom of you compost bin (see photos below)


A few planks of wood: these will also sit in the bottom of your compost bin (see photos below)


Hay, Pea Straw or Shredded Paper



Here are the easy as steps to creating and managing your very own compost!


1. Place you compost container in a shady spot far enough away from your house.

You compost bin should be similar to this size

2. Then lay the bricks into the bottom of the compost bin.

3. Stack the wood planks over the top to allow for aeration, which will mean faster decomposition.

4. Lastly lay the straw or shredded paper over the wood planks.


Now it's ready! How easy was that!



Managing your Compost


The number one piece of advice I can give you is that compost thrives when it's got a balance of Carbon & Nitrogen!


Nitrogen Rich Ingredients: Food scraps, and green plant matter


Carbon Rich Ingredients: Paper, Cardboard, Hay/ Pea straw or anything that was once a part of a woodier plant.


Which is why I choose to add a layer of pea straw every time I empty in a load of food scraps.



Yes, you can compost:

Fruit + veg scraps

Egg shells

Hair

Paper

Tea leaves + compostable tea bags

Cardboard

Napkin & tissues

Small amounts of natural fibres (cotton, wool or hemp)

Grass clippings


No, don't compost:

Meat, bones & fish

Dairy products

Diseased plants

Pet poo

Compostable packaging

Large quantities of just one thing.



Finally, it's ideal to keep your composted aerated by turning it once or twice a week, this will speed up the composting process.


Once it's turned to an earthy dirt-type mixture, it's ready to add to your garden!


Thanks for looking after your little part of the earth, as an individual and as a collective we can and will all make a change.


Morgan xx


walk gently on the earth as though you are kissing it with your feet.

Thich Naht Hahn